As you know India is the country of farmer and economy is gradually becoming more industrialized but still, it remains greatly dependent on the agrarian sector. The starkly naked image of this dependency reveals its ugly face in years of below-normal monsoon when food prices skyrocket. This is when India feels the need of addressing issues of the agricultural sector. Unfortunately, such concerns remained shelved for years with little attention being diverted to aid the ailing agrarian sector.
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Such negligence manifested in form of 5.3% drop in food grain production during the fiscal year 2014-2015. Prior to that, both economists and farmers were on their toes because of nature’s aberration named El Nino phenomenon. News of farmers committing suicide because of crop failure caused by inadequate irrigation facilities and lack of rainfall were rampant. Indian economy entered an inflationary phase because of low agricultural production and the environment had become seriously scary due to caching of food grains by black marketers in order to push up the prices for monetary gains.
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This time however new hopes are floating around with the announcement of the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (PMKSY), PM Narendra Modi chaired the CCEA (Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs) meeting and chalked down the final details for PMKSY. As revealed by Arun Jaitley, the current finance minister of India, the Central Government aims for spending 50,000 crores under the Krishi Sinchai Yojana, Jaitley revealed that the amount finalized for the scheme will be spent by Center but the State Governments are also readying themselves to pitch in with additional funds, which according to Jaitley, will be above the Center’s budget.
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Jaitley confirmed that the entire pool of money from the Center will be spent over a period of 5 years with 5,300 crores being allocated for the current fiscal year. The finance minister was quite enthusiastic to point out that the budget set for the current year is twice the budget ever set in any previous budget for any type of agricultural reforms scheme. According to him, the whole money will be invested in various activities that will help to increase productivity and farm yields.
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With such a massive budget in place, economists believe that if the scheme is implemented properly as intended. Indian agrarian sector will experience a booming growth with food grain productions increasing manifolds if this really happens.
Modi government will manage to put a ceiling on inflation rates. Growth in agricultural productivity will have a snowball effect on other industries that heavily depend on agriculture for raw materials. Only time can tell whether this ambitious project will come to fruition or not.
1.1 What is proposed under Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana?
India has a total of 142 million hectares or cultivable land. Unfortunately, artificial irrigation serves only 45% of this total agricultural land. The remaining 55% depends solely on nature’s mood! Delayed rainfall or low rainfall — both play havoc on farmers of the remaining 55% land. Either of the two natural conditions can mean a catastrophic crop failure that engulfs the whole economy, not to mention, the farmers are the worst hit elements.
To deal with this gravely difficult matter the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana will start with small investment of 5,300 crores for this fiscal year. Definitely, this sum of money is not enough to cover the whole of 55% of ill-fated land but the government hopes to:
- Provide artificial irrigation facility to 6 lakh hectares of arable land.
- Provide drip irrigation to 5 lakh hectares of arable land.
With those two targets in mind, the PMKSY will place focus on end-to-end irrigation and micro-irrigation projects. For micro-irrigation, the government has come up with the name ‘Har Khet Ko Pani’.
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Apart from working on new irrigation facilities, the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana also aims towards fixing the poorly implemented projects under previous governments. Modi’s army was pretty vocal in pointing out that the previous projects were not given proper attention and neither were they implemented properly even though adequate funds were at disposal. Thus, PMKSY will also take control of these projects and:
- Rework on them with strict guidelines of quality control.
- Complete 1.300 incomplete watershed projects.
According to Ministry of Finance, the primary objectives of the project will include:
- Investment for irrigation projects to be made directly at field-level.
- Assured irrigation to encompass the greater arable land area.
- Increase water usage efficiency on farms and hence, minimize wastage of water.
- Adopt advanced technologies for saving water and precision irrigation.
Additionally, 200 crores will be set apart from the PMKSY for the promotion of NAM or National Agricultural Market. The government has named this corpus as Agri-Tech Infrastructure Fund, abbreviated as ATIF. NAM sounds a promising endeavor because it will open doors to market where farmers will be able to directly sell their agricultural produce at better rates. Finance Ministry also aims towards fusing the budget for PMKSY with MNREGAs material component which will then be minutely monitored for outcomes
1.2 Water Conservation to get proper attention under PMKSY
While expanding artificial irrigation to 100% of arable land over years remains the primary target of the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana, the government has made it clear that water conservation will also receive proper focus.
According to PM Modi, while new irrigation facilities are very important, water resource optimization and sustainable water preservation are also equally important. This has led to the motto of More Crop per Drop under which the scheme aims towards harnessing methods in which municipal water can be treated and reused for irrigation. This makes sense because water is a precious resource and not all water sources can be used for agriculture.
This is why, according to Arun Jaitley, water recycling is actually a trump card for the overall success of the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana. Sadly, water recycling involves huge expenses and the government is fully aware of the fact It is because of this, the government plans on inviting private investments as financial aid.
1.3 Who controls the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana?
The plan comes from the center but the major problem that the government is going to face is the scattered distribution of arable land across the country. As a result, implementation and monitoring the progress of the scheme is difficult. To overcome this problem, the government has decided to decentralize the overall planning and implementation of the scheme.
State governments have been tasked with the responsibility of coming up with district-level irrigation plans (DIP or District Irrigation Plans). DIPs will aim for the integration of water usage application, distribution network and water resources. All DIPS will be prepared at district and block levels.
A National Steering Committee with representatives from different ministries will be responsible for supervising the project planning and ensuring that both State Irrigation Plans and District Irrigation Plans are carried out over the long run as per strict quality guidelines. The NSC will be chaired by PM Modi himself.
While National Steering Committee will be responsible for overseeing the planning of the project, the implementation aspect will be monitored by the National Executive Committee or NEC. NITI Aayog’s Vice Chairman will be chairing the NEC.
1.4 An interesting fact about Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana
Apparently, Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana appears to be a massive standalone undertaking but it is not! It is, in fact, one of the many pro-farmer measures lined up by the NDA government. The Modi-led Cabinet pondered on the prospects of amending the 2013 Land Acquisition Act so that farmers whose lands are acquired by the government for different projects can enjoy several benefits.
Social security schemes (like insurance and pension schemes) and Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana are some of the many measures taken by the NDA government with the specific focus on helping the poor segment of the Indian populace, especially those from the rural parts of the nation.
1.5 What benefits can be expected ¡n Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana succeeds?
The list of benefits that will show up in the case of success of the PMKSY is way too long to be incorporated into this single article. However, here is a brief idea of the benefits that Indian economy can enjoy as a whole:
- Improved agricultural production will keep prices of food items in check and hence, control inflation.
- As agricultural produce increases, there will be surplus. A part of this surplus can be exported and this, in turn, will lead to an influx of foreign capital. Some part of the surplus can be stored for use during periods of poor production.
- Increased agricultural production will also lead to the growth of other industries that are dependent on agriculture for raw materials.
- Also, as agricultural production increases, the need for importing agricultural produce from other countries drops. As a result, the money that was otherwise set apart for import can be put to use in other areas like infrastructure development, repayment of international debt etc.
There is not even a single hint of doubt that the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana is an ambitious scheme. All the government needs to do is delivering as promised. This is the primary challenge because a project of this scale will have planning and implementation loopholes.
There may be situations of money is not properly accounted for Prevention of such things depends on government’s plan of action and vigilance. Hopefully, NDA government will stand up to its promises.