Hindus religion consider the Mahabharat to be one of their ‘itihasa’ meaning historical texts. The Kurukshetra War takes place Where the Mahabharata is believed to have happened about the 10th century BC.
Apart from Ramayana, another epic whose antiquity is contemporary with Ramayana itself is that of Mahabharata. Presently, this book contains a collection of one lakh verses, due to which it is called Shatasahastra Samhita. It is clear from the form in which it is received that it was not composed by anyone poet at a time.
Mahabharat ki rachna kisne ki
There is a huge disparity between them in terms of style, language, verse, etc. There is a difference in terms of materials as well. Therefore, the development of this book, Ved Vyas, gave it the form of poetry. Mainly three forms of development of Mahabharata are considered – Jai, Bharat, Mahabharata. It is known from the Mahabharata itself that its ancient name was Jai. After this, this book was given the name of Bharat and finally Mahabharata.
The Mahabharata is one of the greatest ancient epics in India, along with the Ramayana. It consists of 100,000 verses making it four times the length of Ramayana and fifteen times the length of the bible. In fact, it is the world’s longest epic poem ever written.
Where is the original script of Mahabharata?
There is also a difference of opinion regarding the composition of the original part of Mahabharata. The Mahabharata and the narratives described are clearly mentioned in the Ashvalayana Grihyasutras and the Baudhayana Dharmasutras.
A verse from Gita is quoted in the Baudhayana Grihyasutra- Where is the original script of Mahabharata? Who composed the original story of Mahabharata? Is the Mahabharat is the real story? Who was the first to translate Mahabharat into English?
Mahabharat krishna updesh in hindi
पत्रं पुष्पं फलं तोयं यो में भक्त्या प्रयच्छति। तदहं भक्त्युपह्रतमश्नामि प्रयतात्मनः।।
Patram Pushpam Phalam Toyam Yo Mein Bhaktya Prayachhati.
Tadaham bhaktyupahramashnaami prayattamanah.
When Mahabharat happened
The time of Baudhayana has been fixed in the fourth century BC. So we can say that the original part of Mahabharata must have been composed at this time. This is the conclusion of Winternitsa. Markdowns date its composition to 500 BC. There are many references to Buddhism and Yavanas in Mahabharata. It is also propounded that the Mahabharata is a post-Buddha period (6th century BC).
In its final form, there is mention of Shaka, Yavana, Pahlava, etc., description of temples-stupas and worship of Vishnu and Shiva is mentioned. On these grounds, Mahabharat can conclude that the second century BCE completed the final form of Mahabharata. Thus the starting date of Mahabharata is 500-400 BC, and the end date is BC. The date can be considered as 200 BC.
Today, most scholars recognize the war of Mahabharata as a historical event, which Mahabharat probably fought around 950 BC. The scripture must have been composed long after this war.
Book Introduction- There are a total of 18 festivals in Mahabharata festival, meeting festival, forest festival, holiday festival, industry festival, Bhishma festival, Dronaparva, Karna festival, surgery festival, Souptik festival, women’s festival, peace festival, discipline festival, Ashwamedha festival, atramvasi festival, Mausal festival, Mahaprasthanik, Ascension Festival. Apart from this, Harivansh is its appendix (Khil Parva), in which the story of Krishnavansh is described in detail.
The origin of the story of Mahabharata is the conflict between the Kauravas and the Pandavas. But its subjects are so broad that philosophy, religion, history, mythology, memory, narrative, etc., have all been included. Thus this book has become an encyclopedia of ancient Indian life.
The author claims that what is not about Dharma, Artha, Kama, and Moksha (the four Purusharthas) is nowhere. What is in it is also elsewhere- Dharma, meaning cha kame cha moksha ch Bharatarshabha if has astitdanyatra yannehasti not immediately.
who wrote mahabharat in hindi
The Mahabharata has been called Arthashastra, Dharmashastra, Kamashastra simultaneously. Vyasa has described the origin of all these poets. Mahabharata is the source of many poems, epics, plays, and legends. This work has more importance from the point of view of culture than literature.
This is such a book in which every category of man can get material for his moral upliftment. Its Bhishma, peace, and discipline festival are excellent in spirituality, religion, and politics. Gita is a part of Bhishma Parva, in which there is a beautiful combination of action, knowledge, and devotion.
A good discussion of Rajdharma is found in Shantiparva, where the duties and rights of the king and the subjects are described separately. In the discipline festival, there is a presentation of the principles of religion and ethics. The main theme of the Mahabharata is the prestige of religion.
True devotion can be attained only by the conduct of Dharma. Vyasa believes that one should never give up religion due to fear or greed. In this, while rendering karmas, it has been described as a characteristic of man. The Mahabharat’s ideals related to Rajdharma are exemplary and learned even in today’s era.
In this way, a proper representation of various aspects of Indian culture is found in Mahabharata. Both Ramayana and Mahabharata are the endowments of our culture.
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Mahabharat character names
The ancient historical text of India ‘Mahabharata‘ is full of many mysteries. Each of its characters is a mystery in itself. Do you know who whose incarnation in Mahabharata was? Mahabharata shows a very great war, which took place between Dharma and Adharma?
Dharma was victorious. Although there are many characters in Mahabharata, some great characters can be called heroes of Mahabharata. All these heroes were incarnations of some of the other Supreme Person, some of the gods, some of the Gandharvas, and the Lord himself took part in it by taking the incarnation of Krishna. Let us know about the 10 main characters of Mahabharata and their avatar.
Full of sixty-four arts, eight siddhis, and nine funds, Shri Krishna, is also the 8th avatar of the Lord Vishnu. In the Treta Yuga, Lord Vishnu did the welfare of the three worlds by becoming Maryada Purushottam in the form of Rama.
So in the Dwapara Yuga, at the request of the gods, Krishna took the incarnation of Krishna to kill Kansa and destroy the wicked people of the whole world. Krishna is Arjuna’s charioteer and advisor who was incarnated to assist the Pandavas in defeating Duryodhana. In the story, Krishna advises Arjuna at the battle’s start through the Bhagavad Gita’s poem.
Bhima is called Pawanputra. He is known as the strongest of the Pandavas. Hanumanji was also the son of Pawan. Bhima is the third of the Pandava brothers. It is said that Bhima had the strength of 10,000 elephants. In the first exile, he married a demoness.
Bhima had learned mace warfare from Balarama. It was Bhima who killed 100 sons of Gandhari, including Duryodhana and Dushasan. Apart from Draupadi, Bhima’s wife’s name was Hidimba, from whom Bhima’s Paramvir son Ghatotkacha was born. Ghatotkacha saved Arjuna’s life by passing on the unfailing power given to Karna by Indra.
Mahabali Balaram was a part of Sheshnag. When Kansa killed the 6 sons of Devaki-Vasudeva, then Lord Balarama appeared in Devaki’s womb. Yogamaya attracted him and brought him into the womb of Shri Rohiniji, who was residing at Nanda Baba’s house.
Hence he got the name Sankarshana. He is also called Balabhadra because of being the best among the mighty. Being the elder brother of Krishna, he is called Dauji. Balramji was married to Revati. In the Mahabharata war, Balarama went neutral and went on pilgrimage. After the destruction of Yaduvansh, he ended his Leela by taking a seat on the beach. The stories of his bravery are many.
Bhima is the third of the Pandava brothers. Krishna is followed by Bhishma, who was one of the main characters of the Mahabharata. He is known as the strongest of the Pandavas. Vasu named Dyu was born as Bhishma. The eight Vasus had to be born from Shantanu-Ganga due to the curse of Vasishtha Rishi and the orders of Indra.
On the 7th, the Ganges threw it into the river, while the 8th Vasu ‘Dyu’ remained alive, the same Bhishma whose initial name was ‘Devavrat.’ In the first exile, he married a demoness.
Dronacharya is considered the most important after Bhishma. Devguru Brihaspati took birth as Dronacharya. Dronacharya had mastered the Kauravas and the Pandavas in archery.
Dronacharya’s son Ashwatthama is also one of the interesting characters of Mahabharata. Ashwathama was the son of Guru Dronacharya. The father-son duo together created a ruckus in the Mahabharata. In mythology, Ashwatthama was created from a combination of Mahadev, Yama, Kaal, and Krodha.
Karna In Mahabharat
The most prominent of the gods was Karna, the son of the sun god. Karna is a great archer who Arjuna mocked because of his low status. Karna was an incarnation of the Sun. Everyone knows about Karna that he was the son of Surya-Kunti.
The names of his foster parents were Adhiratha and Radha. His guru was Parashurama and his friend Duryodhana. Karna was brought up in Hastinapur. His best friend Duryodhana entrusted him with the throne of Angadesh. Because of defeating Jarasandha, he was made the king of Champa city. He sided with Duryodhana and finally died during the Kurukshetra War.
After his death, the Pandavas found out that Karna was technically one of the Pandava brothers, as they have the same mother but a different father.
Duryodhana belonged to Kaliyuga, and his 100 brothers were part of the demons of the Pulastya dynasty. Duryodhana was the eldest son of King Dhritarashtra of Hastinapur and 100 sons of Gandhari. Gandhari’s 100 sons were born by the boon of Ved Vyas. Duryodhana is the main villain in the Mahabharata. Due to the numerous misdeeds of Duryodhana, eventually, a war started between the Kauravas and the Pandavas.
Duryodhana was proficient in mace warfare and was a disciple of Sri Krishna’s elder brother Balarama. He is greedy, jealous, and lives in constant rebellion against dharma. Duryodhana had made Karna his friend. His body had become like a thunderbolt on being seen by Gandhari. Still, due to Krishna’s deceit, the place of his genitals could not be hardened, due to which Bhima caught Duryodhana by his thigh and tore him in two in the Mahabharata war and thus killed Duryodhana.
Arjuna is the second of the Pandavas brothers. His godfather was Pandu, but in reality, he was the son of Indra-Kunti. To save Arjuna, Devraj Indra snatched Karna’s armor and Kundal from him by deceit. He is known as a very skilled archer and is popular with women.
Draupadi in mahabharat
Devraj Indra, in the guise of a Brahmin, reached Karna’s door and asked for a donation from him. He managed to win Draupadi in a contest for suitors. However, Draupadi was not his only wife as he acquired other wives later in his journey.
Yudhishthira was the son of Dharmaraja-Kunti. Yudhishthira’s godfather was Pandu, and he was the eldest brother among the five Pandavas. He was known for his truthfulness and religious conduct. Many religious questions and their answers have been told from the mouth of Yudhishthira in the Mahabharata. He is perceived as the leader, rightful king, and commander in battle. He is also the one who gambled himself and his brothers into thirteen years of exile.
His father, Dharmaraja, had also taken his test on the lake by becoming a Yaksha. Apart from Draupadi, he had another wife named Devika. He had two sons named Prativindhya from Draupadi and Dhaudheya from Devika. He had ascended to heaven physically. On the last day of Mahabharata, he killed his maternal uncle Shalya who was on the side of Kauravas.
Nakula and Sahadeva
Out of these 33 deities, 2 were born from the part of the Ashwini Kumars. These were 2 Ashwini Kumars – first Nastya and second Dastra. Sahadeva was trikaldarshi. He had already known the events of the Mahabharata war and its consequences, but Shri Krishna refused to tell this incident to anyone.
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